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Dyschromia: What Is It?


Patchy discoloration of the skin caused by sun exposure

Commonly appear on the backs of the hands, forearms, neck, chest, and face

2 Types of Dyschromia are:

· Hyperpigmentation (dark spots)

· Hypopigmentation (light spots)

Symptoms of Dyschromia

Symptoms of dyschromia depend on the underlying cause. Common symptoms are:

· Red bumps or patches

· Uneven skin color patches

· Dark patches of skin

· Bluish or purple discoloration

· Areas of lightened skin

Causes of Dyschromia

Multiple conditions causing dyschromia are,

· Certain skin cancers

· Cuts

· Scrapes

· Moles

· Sunburn

· Insect Bites

· Wounds

· Radiation Therapy

· Skin Infections

Diagnosis of Dyschromia

· Scrapings of Skin Lesions

· Skin Biopsy

· Ultraviolet Light Skin Examination

· Blood Tests

Your doctor will recommend treatment based on your diagnosis.

Treatment For Dyschromia

· Chemical peels (improves the appearance and texture)

· Microdermabrasion (to expose newer skin to the surface)

· Topical creams

· Laser treatment

When to Visit Your Doctor for Dyschromia?

· Constant changes in skin color

· A new mole or other growth

· Changes in color, size, or appearance of existing mole or growth

How Can We Prevent Dyschromia?

The key to prevent dyschromia is:

· Avoiding Sunlight and

· Daily Use of Sunscreen

Dyschromia refers to abnormal changes in skin coloration, including hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation. Treatment options vary based on the underlying cause and may include topical creams, laser therapy, or camouflage makeup.